What do the numbers mean !
Three days ago, National Geographic website ran a story about the origins of the CoVid-19 pandemic, following on a US National Intelligence Council investigation published 2 weeks ago. 21 months into the global pandemic, it is still appropriate to address this question – and to me the answer is as elusive – and as fascinating – […]
It was many experts’ original expectation that immunity acquired either from natural infection or vaccination, or both, would result in a state of herd immunity: ie a sufficiently high proportion of the population would be resistant to becoming infected. Thus, the virus would not have enough unprotected people it could spread infection to. The pandemic would thus peter out. […]
Two weeks ago the committee advising the UK government on vaccine policy recommended a booster (3rd) dose of a Covid-19 vaccine from September this year with a roll out to protect the whole currently vaccinated population By contrast, last week the similar committees advising the USA government stated there was no evidence to support a […]
The initial euphoria following the roll out of vaccines is currently tempered by concerns that their effectiveness is less certain against new variants of the virus. We now have data from both Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines but providing an answer to the question above is quite complex but hopefully this post will help! New variants for […]
First data from Pfizer vaccine. The Indian Variant (now referred to as ‘Delta’) is recognised as being highly transmissible and, as a consequence, it is now the predominant variant in the UK and elsewhere. The question in many people’s minds is whether, despite the rising number of cases, those who have been fully vaccinated will still […]
Amongst the unsung research heroes for tackling this pandemic have been waste water engineers and geographers. Examining sewage for traces of the virus has been a truly worldwide effort that is now a key component for managing the pandemic. In this post I address the background and the questions raised by this development. How is sewage testing […]
Hitting the headlines this week is news about yet another mutant strain, particularly newsworthy because of the accelerating tragedy of the pandemic in India. This variant is now present in 40 countries. What do we know about this strain, its impact and in particular any possibility that the success of the vaccines could be imperilled? Is […]
That vaccines can protect against Covid-19, in its severe forms, is well established from clinical trials. Questions remained as to whether (i) when applied to the wider population, these benefits would hold, (ii) vaccines could reduce transmission and asymptomatic infection and (iii) in the ‘real world’ these benefits would be achieved after allowing a return to […]
One of the tragic aspects of the news about the escalating pandemic in India is the relatively high proportion of children and young people, not just in the number of cases overall, but also – unexpectedly given Western experience – amongst those with serious infection. This raises the issue as to the possibility of children being […]
As vaccination progresses in most countries, there is still the concern that although the vaccines protect against severe infection, they are less successful in preventing transmission, especially with the so-called “variants of concern”. Yet experts are even this week arguing as to what is the most important route for catching the virus. Public confidence and adherence to […]
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